Professor at Alexandria Police Hospital
Title: Relation between bronchial asthma and parasitic (nematodes) infection in egyptian children
BACKGROUND: Among the many factors influencing the prevalence of asthma in developing countries from the tropics are geo-helminthic infections.
AIMS: This work aims to study the relation between bronchial asthma and parasitic infestation in Egyptian children.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-section, analytical study design was chosen to perform this research on 100 school aged children. All children were interviewed and examined clinically and laboratory.
RESULTS: Statistically significantly Negative correlations were found between blood level of IgE and FEV1% of predicted in patients with bronchial asthma as well as patients with parasitic infestation with r=-0.381, -0.325 at p=0.006, 0.021 respectively.Inverse relationship was found between blood level of IgE and FEV1/FVC% in patients with parasitic infestation with r= -0.358 with statistical significant difference at p=0.011.
CONCLUSIONS: 86%of patients with bronchial asthma lived in urban areas, while 64% of patients with parasitic infestation lived in rural areas.