Track Categories

The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.

A medical professional who focuses on treating children is known as a pediatrician. Pediatricians work in general and children's hospitals, as well as clinics, research centers, universities, and pediatric subspecialties (like neonatology, which requires resources in a NICU). The medical treatment of infants, children, adolescents, and young adults is the focus of pediatrics. Pediatrics covers many children until the age of 18. Although some pediatric subspecialists continue to treat adults up to the age of 25, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends seeking pediatric care until the age of 21.

Pediatric age limits worldwide have been rising year after year. The study of pediatrics aims to reduce infant and child mortality rates, control the spread of infectious diseases, encourage healthy lifestyle choices for a long life free of disease, and aid in the alleviation of children's and adolescents' issues with chronic conditions. Among children, pediatricians diagnose and treat injuries, infections, genetic and congenital conditions, cancer, and organ diseases and dysfunctions.

Neonatology is a subspecialty of pediatrics that focuses on providing medical care to newborns, particularly those who are ill or born prematurely. Neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) are typically where this specialty is practiced. It is a hospital-based specialty. Neonatal patients with prematurity, low birth weight, intrauterine growth restriction, congenital malformations (birth defects), sepsis, pulmonary hypoplasia, or birth asphyxia are the majority of neonatologists' patients.

A child under the age of 28 days is known as a neonate or newborn infant. The child is most likely to die in the first 28 days of life. By far most infant passings occur in agricultural nations where admittance to medical services is low. Building strong health services, ensuring that skilled personnel attends every birth, and providing emergency hospital care are all necessary for newborn survival. It is pivotal that early fundamental infant care is given, including quick and delayed skin-to-skin contact and early and select breastfeeding, to further develop chances of endurance and to establish the groundwork for a solid life.

Pediatric sensitivity and immunology is the clinical specialty focused on the determination and care of youngsters with sensitivities, asthma, dermatitis, and different kinds of resistant framework problems and issues. In order to lessen the frequency and severity of symptoms and reactions in children, pediatric allergist-immunologists may intervene with preventive and therapeutic measures.

Their primary focus is on determining the factors that contribute to and are triggered by illnesses in children. The eyes, ears, nose, mouth, lungs, and skin of children can all be affected by allergic reactions to pollen, dust mites, pet dander, food, medications, and insect bites. Red or teary eyes, runny nose, sneezing, mouth and throat itching, wheezing, eczema, and hives are all signs of allergies.


Track 3.1 Skin Allergies

Track 3.2 Food Allergies

Track 3.3 Significant Allergic Reactions

A child’s resistant framework is their body's regular guard against disease. The immune system is examined and treated by board-certified immunologists for a wide range of recurring, severe, and unusual infections. More than 140 of these complicated circumstances exist and incorporate both procured and intrinsic immunodeficiency issues, like sensitivities and asthma, immune system infections, and insusceptible lack sicknesses.

The airways in children with asthma frequently narrow, making it harder for them to breathe. When the immune system becomes overactive in the lung’s airways, this condition occurs. When the immune system mistakenly attacks a part of the body for a pathogen such as a virus or bacteria autoimmune diseases occur. The immune system produces antibodies in response to an unidentified trigger that targets the body's own tissues rather than fighting infections. Lupus, multiple sclerosis, Guillain-Barré syndrome, psoriasis, Grave's disease, and Hashimoto's disease are all examples of autoimmune disorders. Medications or illness can suppress the immune system, resulting in immune deficiency diseases, or they may be present from birth. Children with immune deficiency disorders are at a high risk of infection and may experience frequent or unusual infections. Immune deficiency diseases like HIV/AIDS and graft versus host syndrome are two examples.


Track 4.1 Asthma

Track 4.2 Hay fever (allergic rhinitis)

Track 4.3 Sinusitis

Track 4.4 Eczema (atopic dermatitis)

Track 4.5 Hives (urticaria, welts)

Track 4.6 Severe reactions to foods, insect stings, and medications (anaphylaxis)

A doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of autoimmune diseases that affect children is known as a pediatric rheumatologist. Joint stiffness, unexplained fevers, rashes, weakness, and chronic inflammation are some of the most common indications that your child should be seen by a pediatric rheumatologist. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (formerly known as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis), systemic lupus, dermatomyositis, scleroderma, vasculitis, and autoinflammatory diseases, such as periodic fever syndromes, are all conditions that are diagnosed and treated by a pediatric rheumatologist.

Rheumatologists are frequently regarded as master diagnosticians who can assist in resolving difficult clinical issues. Rheumatologists collaborate with almost all other subspecialties due to the systemic nature of rheumatic diseases. Pediatric rheumatologists typically work in outpatient settings, but they may also consult with or care for patients who are in the hospital. The specialist can build long-term relationships with patients and their families because rheumatic disorders are chronic and frequently complex.


Track 5.1 Acute joint inflammation (arthritis)

Track 5.2 Chronic arthritis

Track 5.3 Lupus and related conditions

Track 5.4 Dermatomyositis and other forms of muscle inflammation

Track 5.5 Inflammation of the blood vessels

Track 5.6 Autoinflammatory syndromes

Track 5.7 Chronic uveitis (eye inflammation)

pediatric emergency physician specializes in treating children and adolescents who are experiencing an acute illness or injury. A pediatric emergency physician is trained to treat a variety of conditions that necessitate immediate medical attention. These issues frequently pose grave threats to life. If the child has an immediate need for special medical care or an acute illness or injury, their pediatrician may refer them to a pediatric emergency physician.

Pediatric emergency physicians are skilled in each and every one of the following fields:

  • Managing Medical Emergencies. These frequently require exceptional strategies and methodology.
  • Providing care that is tailored to the particular medical requirements of infants, children, teenagers, and young adults.
  • Giving medications and using special equipment in particular ways
  • Identifying issues in children who are unable to cooperate or be patient.
  • Easing the suffering and stress that families can experience as a result of a medical emergency.


Track 6.1  Acute medical problems (High or Persistent fever, Severe infections, Difficulty Breathing, Severe pain, Dehydration,                         Seizures, Severe allergic reactions)

Track 6.2 Major injuries (Fractures, Head injuries, Burns, Conditions resulting from motor vehicle crashes, falls, or other incidents)

Track 6.3 Poisonings and overdoses

Track 6.4 Severe complications of chronic illnesses (Asthma, Diabetes, Sickle cell disease, Congenital disorders)

Track 6.5 Minor injuries (Cuts, Animal bites, Sprains)

pediatric endocrinologist may treat the child if he or she has growth, puberty, diabetes, or any other disorder that is related to the hormones and the glands that make them. Chemicals called hormones have an effect on how other parts of the bodywork. Hormones, for instance, determine how a child develops and matures. Hormones enter the bloodstream from endocrine glands like the pituitary. The field of study that studies these glands and the effects of hormones is called endocrinology.

Endocrinologists who specialize in adult endocrinology frequently encounter problems that are quite distinct from those that are typically seen in children. Important is special training in pediatric conditions that affect growth and development. Hormonal issues are in many cases present forever. Hormone disorders are treated by pediatric endocrinologists throughout childhood and adolescence.


Track 7.1 Growth problems

Track 7.2 Early or delayed puberty

Track 7.3 Enlarged thyroid gland (goiter)

Track 7.4 Underactive or overactive thyroid gland

Track 7.5 Pituitary gland hypo/hyperfunction

Track 7.6 Adrenal gland hypo/hyperfunction

Track 7.7 Ovarian and testicular dysfunction

As a subspecialty of pediatrics and gastroenterology, pediatric gastroenterology emerged. It focuses on treating children's liver, pancreas, and gastrointestinal tract from birth to age 18. Acute diarrhea, persistent vomiting, gastritis, and issues with the development of the gastric tract are the primary diseases it addresses. A pediatric gastroenterologist is qualified to treat a child who has a digestive, liver, or nutritional issue. Children frequently have distinct digestive, hepatic, and nutritional issues from adults. Pediatric gastroenterology necessitates specialized expertise and training.

From the time they are born until they are teenagers, children are treated by pediatric gastroenterologists. They have a lot of experience taking care of infants, children, and adolescents and have decided to focus their entire medical practice on pediatrics.


Track 8.1 Bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract

Track 8.2 Severe or complicated gastroesophageal reflux disease (reflux or GERD)

Track 8.3 Inflammatory bowel disease

Track 8.4 Short bowel syndrome

Track 8.5 Pancreatic insufficiency (including cystic fibrosis) and pancreatitis

Track 8.6 Nutritional problems (including malnutrition, failure to thrive, and obesity)

Track 8.7 Feeding disorders

The practice of ensuring that a child eats a well-balanced diet that provides them with the necessary nutrients and calories to support their physiologic needs throughout their development is known as pediatric nutrition. The nutritional requirements of infants, children, and adolescents are included in pediatric nutrition. The practice of ensuring that a child eats a well-balanced diet that provides them with the necessary nutrients and calories to support their physiologic needs throughout their development is known as pediatric nutrition.

Nutrition for children under the age of 18 is known as pediatric nutrition. Nutrition plays a significant role in childhood development, for good or ill, especially during critical growth periods. A lack of nutrition can lead to improper development or illness, such as anemia caused by iron deficiency or scurvy caused by vitamin C deficiency. Children's optimal growth and development are aided by adequate nutrition, which also enables them to realize their full potential.


Track 9.1 Breast Milk and Formula

Track 9.2 Baby’s weight in relation to Nutrition

Track 9.3 Milk Protein and other Food Allergies

Track 9.4 Weaning of Foods

Track 9.5 Teen Nutrition

Certain types of birth defects, chronic diseases, developmental issues, and sensory deficits that are inherited from one or both parents are included in the category of genetic disorders. Down syndrome, Turner syndrome, Alzheimer's disease, and other genetic conditions are among the most prevalent. The severity of the disorder, the organs affected, and the type of disorder all influence the symptoms. The chemical reactions in the body's cells that transform the food we eat into the chemical compounds that keep us alive are referred to as the metabolism. When abnormal chemical reactions interfere with normal metabolic processes, this results in a metabolic disorder.

There are numerous metabolic disorders, but the majority are extremely uncommon. Phenylketonuria (PKU) is the metabolic disorder with the highest prevalence. Galactosemia, MCAD (medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency), Prader-Willi syndrome, and other fatty acid utilization disorders are additional examples. The utilization of protein, fat, carbohydrates or a combination of these can be affected by metabolic disorders. The majority are genetic conditions passed down through families. Although metabolic disorders last a lifetime, early treatment typically has the ability to alter their natural course.


Track 10.1 Genetical Disorders in pediatrics and neonatology

Track 10.2 Metabolic Disorders in pediatrics and neonatology

Track 10.3 Signs and Symptoms

Track 10.4 Prevention and Treatment

Track 10.5 Management

A doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating blood disorders and cancers in children, adolescents, and young adults is known as a pediatric hematologist/oncologist. With age-specific reference ranges that correlate with the hematopoietic, immunologic, and chemical changes in a developing child, pediatric hematology has emerged as a specialized field. From conception and implantation through organogenesis, a newborn represents the culmination of developmental processes. In order for the embryo to grow and develop, it needs red cells to carry oxygen from the mother. As the newborn adjusts to a new biological existence, birth causes profound changes in circulation and oxygenation that affect hematopoiesis.


Track 11.1 Basics of Pediatric Hematology

Track 11.2 Complications of Pediatric Hematology

Track 11.3 Prevention of Pediatric Hematology

Track 11.4 Treatment and Management of Pediatric Hematology

Pneumonia, sepsis, and meningitis are examples of neonatal and pediatric infections that are primarily caused by bacteria. Every year, more than 550 000 newborns die from infections. The majority of these deaths can be avoided through preventative measures, early diagnosis, prompt care-seeking, antibiotic treatment, and follow-up. Early recognition of clinical signs, symptoms, and syndromes is necessary for early diagnosis. In low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), the most significant clinical syndrome is a possible serious bacterial infection (PSBI). In LMICs, an estimated 6.9 million PSBI episodes occur annually in young infants between the ages of 0 and 59 days.


Track 12.1 Infectious Diseases in Pediatrics

Track 12.2 Infectious Diseases in Neonates

Track 12.3 Complications of Infectious Diseases in Pediatrics and Neonatal

Track 12.4 Treatment and management of Infectious Diseases in Pediatrics and Neonates

Track 12.5 Prevention strategies for Infectious Diseases in Pediatrics and Neonates

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), and the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFM) all recommend vaccination schedules that cover approximately 14 distinct diseases. Vaccinations not only keep the child safe from deadly diseases like polio, tetanus, and diphtheria, but they also keep other children safe by eradicating or significantly reducing the spread of dangerous diseases from one child to another.

vaccine is a reduced, dead, or fragment of the disease-causing germ. Children's immune systems, which are the body's germ-fighting machines, are able to develop antibodies that prevent them from contracting the disease if and when they are exposed to the disease in its natural form. Over the years, there has been some discussion about whether vaccines are safe, but no convincing evidence of harm has been found. The most important thing to know is that the benefits of getting vaccinated far outweigh any potential drawbacks, despite the fact that any vaccine can cause reactions in children.


Track 13.1 Importance of immunizations in Pediatrics and Neonates

Track 13.2 Types of Immunizations available for pediatrics and neonates

Track 13.3 Keeping Track of Immunizations

Track 13.4 Benefits of Immunizations for Pediatrics and Neonates

Track 13.5 Precautionary Measures to follow before taking an Immunization Vaccine

Children's neurological disorders are characterized by abnormalities in the brain, nervous system, or muscle cells. These conditions can include epilepsy, migraine headaches, movement disorders, and other conditions. The condition, such as spina bifida or hydrocephalus (fluid in the brain), can be acquired in childhood or acquired later in life as a result of a serious injury or infection.

Key is early diagnosis and treatment. We should call the child's pediatrician for an evaluation if the child's normal behavior has changed significantly. Abnormal muscle tone at birth, seizures, a floppy baby, subtle staring or unresponsive episodes, slow language and/or motor skills, and a decline in developmental milestones are some of the warning signs of a neurological disorder.


Track 14.1 Neurological Disorders in Pediatrics and Neonates

Track 14.2 Complications of Neurological Disorders in Pediatrics and Neonates

Track 14.3 Treatment and Management of Neurological disorders in Pediatrics and Neonates

Birth defects are structural changes that occur at birth and can affect nearly any body part (heart, brain, foot, etc.). They might change the way the body works, looks, or both. Birth defects can be mild or serious. Each child with a birth defect's well-being is mostly determined by the organ or body part that is affected and how much. The expected lifespan of a person with a birth defect may or may not be affected by the severity of the defect and the affected body part.

Within the first year, the majority of birth defects are discovered. Some birth defects, like cleft lip, are easy to see, but others, like heart defects or hearing loss, need special tests like echocardiograms, which are ultrasound images of the heart, x-rays, or hearing tests to be found.


Track 15.1 What are Birth Defects

Track 15.2 Causes of Birth Defects

Track 15.3 Complications of Birth Defects

Track 15.4 Treatment and Management of Birth Defects

The diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental disorders in children, adolescents, and their families is the primary focus of the psychiatric subspecialty known as child and adolescent psychiatry (or pediatric psychiatry). It investigates the biopsychosocial factors that influence the onset, progression, and treatment responses of psychiatric disordersPsychotherapy and/or medication are typically used by child and adolescent psychiatrists to treat mental disorders in children.

Obtaining a psychiatric history from the child or adolescent and his or her parents or other caregivers is the first step in the psychiatric assessment. The current concerns about the child's emotional or behavioral issues, the child's physical health and development, the history of parental care (including possible abuse and neglect), family relationships, and the history of parental mental illness are all thoroughly examined in the assessment.


Track 16.1 Basics of Pediatric Psychiatry

Track 16.2 Techniques followed in Pediatric Psychiatry

Track 16.3 Disorders Classification

Track 16.4 Psychotherapeutic Assessment

Track 16.5 Types of Psychotherapeutic Treatments

pediatric dermatologist is qualified to treat the child if the child has a skin condition like a birthmark, eczema, warts, or psoriasis. Using the most recent treatment options, pediatric dermatologists treat a wide range of skin conditions that affect children. From conception to adolescence, children are seen by pediatric dermatologists.

Treatment for a wide range of conditions affecting the skin, hair, and nails, including vitiligo, hives, and warts, as well as hemangiomas and other vascular birthmarks, pigmented birthmarks, and congenital skin disorders, to name a few. Minor surgical procedures, such as skin biopsies, surgical removal of skin lesions (e.g., cysts, warts), and laser treatment of vascular birthmarks.


Track 17.1 Basics of Pediatric Dermatology

Track 17.2  Most Common Pediatric Dermatologic Conditions 

Track 17.3 Complications

Track 17.4 Prevention of Dermatologic Conditions in Pediatrics

Track 17.5 Treatment and Management of Pediatric Dermatologic Conditions

Track 17.6 Treatment of skin conditions (Birthmarks, Dermatitis, Eczema, Psoriasis, Allergic Reactions, Vitiligo, and others).

Track 17.7 Skin Growths (Warts, Cysts, Moles)

Track 17.8 Laser Treatments

Track 17.9 Skin Biopsies

Track 17.10 Skin Cancer

A subspecialty of ophthalmologypediatric ophthalmology deals with eye diseases, visual development, and child vision care. A pediatric ophthalmologist has the experience and credentials to treat a child who needs surgery or medical treatment for an illness affecting the eyes, is having difficulty with a vision screening exam, has difficulty reading or learning, or has an eye problem.

Children's eyes can be examined, tested for vision by optometrists and ophthalmologists, and glasses or contacts can be prescribed if necessary. Although they aren't doctors, optometrists can prescribe medication for some eye conditions. Ophthalmologists are able to diagnose, treat, and, when necessary, perform surgery for all eye diseases and disorders. Frequently, young children are unable to accurately describe their symptoms or respond to medical inquiries. Pediatric ophthalmologists have a lot of experience treating children in a way that makes them feel at ease and willing to cooperate. They employ child-appropriately sized special equipment and vision tests tailored to the child's developmental stage.


Track 18.1 Basics of Pediatric Ophthalmology

Track 18.2 Different Conditions of Pediatrics Ophthalmology

Track 18.3 Complications

Track 18.4 Treatment Strategies of Pediatric Ophthalmology

Focused medical treatment for children with severe illnesses is known as pediatric care. Nutrition, child growth and development, disease prevention, and treatment are the primary focuses of pediatric care. The objective is to improve the child's and family's quality of life. Pediatric care is provided by a group of experienced doctors, nurses, and other caregivers who collaborate to provide medical treatment for children under the age of 18.

Pediatric care includes the specialized care of preterm newborns and adolescent children in addition to medical diseases that include abnormalities in many body systems, hereditary conditions, and cancers. It treats a variety of disorders' symptoms, such as pain, shortness of breath, exhaustion, constipation, nausea, lack of appetite, and trouble sleeping. In a nutshell, it provides the family with the strength to continue with day-to-day activities.

Family-centered care is provided for children. The care not only lessens the pain but also helps parents and other caregivers take better care of the child's well-being. Families are better able to make decisions that are in line with their characteristics, customs, and culture because of the close communication that pediatric care provides. The family's quality of life improves as a result. In order to provide the best possible care for the child, pediatric care should begin at the time of birth and address a variety of issues. The experts should deal with any issues that may arise, cooperating closely with your primary physician.


Track 19.1 Basics of Pediatric Healthcare

Track 19.2 Elements of Pediatric Healthcare

Track 19.3 Pediatric Immunizations

Track 19.4 Pediatric Healthcare Follow-ups

A child under the age of 28 days is known as a neonate or newborn infant. The child is most likely to die in the first 28 days of life. The vast majority of newborn deaths occur in developing nations with limited access to medical care.  Building strong health services, ensuring that skilled personnel attend every birth, and providing emergency hospital care are all necessary for newborn survival. In order to increase survival chances and lay the groundwork for a healthy life, it is essential to provide essential newborn care as soon as possible, including immediate and prolonged contact with the skin as well as early, exclusive breastfeeding

Essential newborn care, also known as critical care for all newborns in the first few days after birth, ought to be available to all of them. Essential newborn care entails providing essential care both immediately following the birth and throughout the newborn period. It is required at home and in the medical facility.


Track 20.1 Essentials of Neonatal Healthcare

Track 20.2 Immediate care at Birth

Track 20.3 Kangaroo Mother Care

Track 20.4 Thermal care

Track 20.5 Nurturing Care

Track 20.6 Infection Prevention

It is a subspecialty that focuses on children with special needs and developmental issues. A recent survey found that less than 30% of cases of a child's developmental problems are reported before the child enters school. Despite the fact that these children receive routine pediatric care, the early signs frequently go unnoticed due to a lack of experienced pediatricians and a lack of parental awareness. At home, at school, and elsewhere, children with developmental issues require specialized care and a variety of learning strategies.

Pediatric developmental-behavioral medicine focuses on the child's strengths and weaknesses. In order to overcome these obstacles, they evaluate counsel and offer treatment to children, adolescents, and their families.


Track 21.1 Basics of Developmental Pediatrics

Track 21.2 Essentials of Developmental Pediatrics

Track 21.3 Developmental Difficulties

Track 21.4 Behavioural Difficulties

Track 21.5 Developmental Pediatrics Techniques

Problems with the ear, nose, and throat (ENT) in children are among the most common reasons children see specialists. Due to a variety of ENT issues, children may have difficulty carrying out day-to-day activities. For ear infections, tonsillitis, and runny noses, parents frequently see pediatric ENT specialists. Tumors and other head and neck issues are just some of the conditions treated by pediatric ENT specialists. Hearing loss, facial fractures, difficulty swallowing food, and balance issues are just a few of the many other issues.

A pediatric ear, nose, and throat doctor may be your best friend if you want to get the best care for a variety of conditions and issues. There are many different kinds of problems with the ear, nose, and throat, many of which are more common in children. A pediatric ENT doctor can assist with everything from sore throats and hearing loss to extremely loud snoring.


Track 22.1 Basics of Pediatric ENT

Track 22.2 Complications of Pediatric ENT

Track 22.3 Treatment and management strategies

A doctor who is able to deal with a wide range of children's and young people's health issues and concerns is known as a general pediatrician. From birth to late adolescence, general pediatricians focus on health promotion and manage children with problems ranging from acute, life-threatening illnesses to chronic diseases.

Children with non-specific symptoms and signs are best investigated and diagnosed by general pediatricians. Depending on the child's needs, they begin treatment, which may be continued by them or by another individual or team. In order to provide the best possible care, general pediatricians also collaborate with other professionals and organizations. When necessary, they step in and oversee individualized, individualized care.

As a consequence of this, general pediatricians acquire a wide range of abilities that enable them to provide comprehensive, child-centered care across the entire spectrum of pediatric subspecialties. While they may acquire significant expertise in specialized pediatric fields, they retain their knowledge and abilities in all aspects of child health.

Health care that focuses on genetic conditions in children of all ages is known as pediatric medical genetics. The biological instructions for life are contained in genes. They contribute to our characteristics and health aspects. Each person has their own genetic code. We are unique as a result of this genetic variation.

Variants that occur during the formation of the reproductive cells are one example of the many different mechanisms by which genetic variation can occur. Variation can be neutral, beneficial, or detrimental. These variations can result in population diversity and the emergence of novel traits, which may enhance survival, health, and function or disrupt normal function and make people more susceptible to disease.

A child gets half of their genes from each parent at random, and most kids grow up healthy. However, our children may inherit an unfavorable combination of these variants or acquire new mutations that cause them to have physical differences like birth defects, medical conditions, learning disabilities, behavioral issues, or characteristics that other members of their family may also have. If a Child has a genetic condition, then they can confirm by having genetic testing done by a Genome Medical clinical geneticist or certified genetic counselor. Pediatric medical genetics specialists can provide with medical recommendations to make informed decisions regarding the child's health if the child has been diagnosed with a genetic condition.